Inclusive fitness and E.O. Wilson: “It’s just that the inclusive fitness theory had persisted as the correct and prevailing theory for almost four decades.”
The first step is to understand that there are two types of selection/optimization: group selection, which favors altruism versus individual level selection, which by and large, not exclusively, favors individual and selfish behavior. Research demonstrates that people who help others usually have healthier, happier lives. Here we have an article by Stephen G. Post. He is professor and director of the Center for Medical Humanities, Compassionate Care, and Bioethics, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, N.Y. The views of both, Wilson and Post, lead to a controversial point of discussion: Why Are Conservatives Happier Than Liberals?
Robbins’definition extension to behavioral discusses the implications of extending Robbins’ definition ( economics is “the science which studies human behavior as a relationship between ends and scarce means which have alternative uses”) into the biological realm, and he describes an experimental paradigm for the laboratory study of economic decision making in non-human animals that is based on the allocation of time as a scarce resource.