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How to install Windows 10 in a Virtual Machine on Ubuntu Linux

There are different virtual machines available for Linux/Ubuntu, but in this tutorial we are using Oracle VM VirtualBox. VirtualBox is a free and open source virtualization software from Oracle.

I installed VirtualBox on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS (Xenial Xerus).

 

1. Add VirtualBox to Ubuntu repository

Go to Start > Software & Updates > Other Software > Button ‘Add…’

Enter the following APT line in the input box, substituting <mydist> by your distribution name (in my case it was xenial).:

deb https://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian <mydist> contrib

Substitute <mydist> by your distribution name (in my case it was xenial).

Enter password and close dialog.

 

2. Download Oracle signature

Download Oracle public key for apt-secure:

  • Here for Debian 8 (“Jessie”) / Ubuntu 16.04 (“Xenial”) and later

You may have to right click on link and select “Save as”.

 

3. Apply Oracle signature

Go to the terminal and enter the command below:

sudo apt-key add oracle_vbox_2016.asc;

In my case, file was in Downloads folder so I used this command:

sudo apt-key add ~/Downloads/oracle_vbox_2016.asc;

If everything is fine, you will get this output:

OK

 

4. Install VirtualBox

Open terminal. Go to Start > Terminal.
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install virtualbox-5.2

 

5. Download Windows 10 ISO image

Visit Microsoft Media Creation Tool from this link.

Download “Microsoft Media Creation Tool”.

Run the tool from a Windows computer and follow these ISO creation steps:

  1. Accept Terms & Condition
  2. Select ‘Create installation media (USB flash drive, DVD, or ISO file) for another PC.
  3. Select language, architecture and edition.
  4. When askw which media to use, select “ISO file
  5. Wait until the process is finished.
  6. When it proposes to burn ISO on CD, just click on “Finish”.

Find the newly created “Windows.iso” file and copy or send it to your Linux/Ubuntu computer. I used a USB memory stick (filesize is 3,90 GB).

 

6. Configure Windows 10 on VirtualBox

Open Virtual Box by going to Start > Oracle VM VirtualBox.

Click on “New” button.

Name your OS and select the correct OS version (in my case it was “Windows 10 (64-bit)”.

Select memory size. I accepted the recommend amount.

Create virtual hard disk.

Select hard disk file type. I chose the proposed VDI.

Select “Dynamically allocated”.

Accept File Location and size.

It takes back to main screen. Select OS and click on Settings.

Go to “Storage” option.

Remove any empty optical drive that may exist.

Click on button “Adds new storage attachement” > “Adds optical drive”.

Select “Choose disk”  in dialog.

Select ISO file download in previous step.

 

7. Run Windows 10

Select Windows 10 OS from VirtualBox main screen and click “Start”.

Enter Windows registration key.

Windows installation screen will be displayed.

I chose the advanced option of just installing Windows.

Wait until Windows installation is finished.

 

References

Main sources:

pmgallardo

About pmgallardo

I studied Computer Science at University of Salamanca. Since then, I have been working first as developer and then as SAP consutant. This blog is about problems I dealt when using computers, and more important, the solutions I found. Whenever I am on an issue and suddenlly I have a flash that leads me to a solution, I document my discoveries in a post.

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